A missing child can be in a runaway situation, be an unaccompanied immigrant minor, be a victim of parental abduction (national or international), have been kidnapped by an unknown person or be lost, involved in an accident or in any other kind of disappearance. What all of these situations have in common is its nature of a tragic situation, where a fast reaction can be decisive and even make possible to save the child’s life.
Five different possible situations:
Minor who leaves home voluntarily or abandons home, the institution where the minor is residing, or the company of those responsible for the minor’s care.
KIDNAPPING BY AN UNKNOWN PERSON
When a minor is kidnapped, in general for illegal purposes, by persons other than the parents or legal guardian (i.e. minors are’ victims of sexual exploitation, organ trafficking, murder).
PARENTAL ABDUCTION (NATIONAL OR INTERNATIONAL)
When one or both parents, or the person having custody of the minor,takes the child to another location within the country or to a foreign country, against the will of the custodial parent or the custodial institution.
UNACCOMPANIED IMMIGRANT MINOR
When a minor, citizen of a country not within those included in the agreement of freedom of movements for its citizens, disappears in Spain, being in Spain separated from the parents and out of the care of adults legally responsible.
LOST, ACCIDENT OR ANY OTHER DISAPPEARANCE
Occasionally, minors disappear or get lost (at the beach, amusement parks…etc.) Or suffer accidents (sports events, traffic accidents…) and are not immediately located. The reason for the disappearance has not been determined.